Pakistan floods: Dengue cases soaring after record monsoon

Displaced families in makeshift shelters in Lalbagh, Sindh province
Image caption,Displaced families have had to make their own shelters in Sindh – but there is no clean water

Pakistani health officials are warning of a looming health crisis in the country after devastating recent floods.

Thirty-three million people have been affected by the flooding, which has left nearly 1,500 dead since the middle of June.

As rescue and evacuation efforts continue in parts of the country, health experts are reporting a surge in dengue, malaria and severe gastric infections.

Many displaced people are living near stagnant water. Dengue fever is already claiming lives and cases are increasing by the day.

Residents use boat to travel amid flood water, following rains and floods during the monsoon season in Sehwan, Pakistan September 14, 2022.
Image caption,Whole areas of Sindh province like this area around Sehwan are under water

About 3,830 cases of dengue fever have been reported by health officials in southern Sindh province, with at least nine deaths, but there are concerns this may be a conservative estimate.

“Overall the situation in Sindh is very bad, we are organising medical camps all over the province. Most of the cases we are seeing now are of dengue patients followed closely by malaria,” Dr Abdul Ghafoor Shoro, secretary general of the Pakistan Medical Association, told the BBC.

“The dengue burden is the same all over the province and it’s increasing daily. When we checked with the laboratories, the suspected cases are around 80% of tests being done.”

Dr Shoro, who has been treating scores of dengue patients at Agha Khan hospital in Karachi, fears the situation is only going to worsen in the coming weeks.

Map showing damage done by monsoon rains

It’s been more than two months since the floods began and yet across Pakistan, thousands of villages are still submerged, leaving countless families displaced.

With roads in many remote communities still unusable because of water damage, some communities are forced to rely on mobile vans for their health care, but those are few and far between.

Muna Sajjad has brought her one-year-old, Sakina, to a mobile clinic near Sehwan in Sindh province, hoping she will finally get medical care.

Muna and Sakina
Image caption,Muna believes Sakina would have died if she hadn’t made it to the clinic

Sakina has been unwell for some days with a gastric infection. Her mother holds her tightly to her chest to try to settle her, but Sakina won’t stop crying – she is dehydrated, vomiting and in pain.

“Two of my children are unwell, I don’t have any money to care for them, I lost everything in the floods,” says Muna. “If I had not made it to the clinic, I’m sure Sakina would have died. We have no food to even feed ourselves and our sick children.”

Inside the packed van, there are sick children and adults everywhere and not enough hands to care for them. Doctors tell us they are overstretched.

“There are so many people, we are trying our best to get to everyone, but we do not have the capacity to help everyone,” says a senior medic, Khalid Khosa. “We are seeing hundreds of patients a day, but there are many more we cannot serve. It’s not just us that are overwhelmed, it’s like this across the province.”

Dr Khosa is also a monitoring officer, looking into the scale of disease in the province. He tells us he is greatly concerned by the picture that is emerging.

“We are trying our best, but my biggest fear is that we’re sitting with the makings of a human catastrophe. So many people are getting sick – it’s dengue cases, malaria and gastro problems and we can’t help them all.

“So what’s going to happen? Of course there are going to be deaths, and we have to try and save them.”

Hundreds of people, including Muna and her young family, have made makeshift tents on a small piece of land in Lalbagh, one of the few places untouched by the water. But even here, the impact is being felt.

The ground may be dry, but there is no food or clean drinking water. It’s a situation growing more desperate by the day.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed concern about the situation during his visit to flooded areas last week, where he met families now left with nothing.

He has described the world’s responsibility to helping Pakistan as a matter of justice, not generosity, but how would he get richer countries to listen, I asked him.

Mr Guterres urged rich nations to help poor countries such as Pakistan to recover from tragedy.

“We need a world in which peace and security can only be guaranteed if you reduce inequalities,” he told me.

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